Parri, Ferruccio

(1890–1981)
   Born near Turin, Parri fought bravely in World War I and was wounded on three occasions. He proved equally brave as an uncompromising antifascist. In December 1926, together with Carlo Rosselli and Alessandro Pertini, he helped Filippo Turati escape from Italy, and he was one of the organizers of the clandestine movement Giustizia e Liberta. In October 1930, he was arrested in Milan and was sentenced to a period of confino. At the end of 1941, Parri acted as the coordinator of the negotiations that led to the formation of the Partito d’Azione/Action Party (PdA) in May 1942.
   Parri was active both as a diplomat and as a resistance commander during the German occupation. In December 1944, on behalf of the Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale-Alta Italia/National Liberation Committee-Northern Italy (CLNAI), he signed the agreement by which the British agreed to furnish the partisans operating in northern Italy with arms and money in exchange for a commitment to postwar disarmament and recognition of the government approved by the Allies. As “Partisan Maurizio,” he was one of the heroes of the popular military struggle against the Germans. In January 1945, he was arrested by the Nazis in Milan but was saved from certain death when the Allies required his restitution as a sign of German good faith in secret surrender talks that began in March 1945. After liberation, the British and Americans realized that they had to respect the “wind from the North” and incorporate the main partisan parties into the provisional government. In June 1945, Parri, whose politics alarmed the British but who was personally greatly esteemed by the Allies, became postwar Italy’s first prime minister. His government, however, lasted only until November, when the Partito Liberale Italiano/Italian Liberal Party (PLI) and the Democrazia Cristiana/Christian Democracy Party (DC)—alarmed by the influence of the left in Parri’s administration—withdrew their ministers.
   In February 1946, Parri’s dislike of the increasingly procommunist position of the PdA led him to join with Ugo La Malfa to form the so-called Concentramento Democratico Repubblicano/Democratic Republican Concentration. After receiving just 97,000 votes in the 1946 elections to the Constituent Assembly, Parri and La Malfa became members of the Partito Repubblicano Italiano/Italian Republican Party (PRI). In 1953, however, Parri broke with the PRI over its support for an electoral reform known as the “swindle law.” In the subsequent election, Parri’s Unita Popolare/Popular Unity Party obtained 170,000 votes, which tipped the balance and ensured that the swindle law’s provisions never came into effect. In 1955, Parri received over 300 votes in the first ballot for the presidency, though eventually Giovanni Gronchi was elected. In March 1963, he was made senator for life. He died on 8 December 1981, in Rome.
   See also Electoral Laws; Resistance.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parri — Ferruccio Parri (* 19. Januar 1890 in Pinerolo; † 8. Dezember 1981 in Rom) war ein italienischer Politiker und, mit dem Spitznamen Maurizio, ein Partisanenchef während des Befreiungskrieges vom faschistischen Regime in Italien. Grabstätte Parris… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferruccio Parri — sur un timbre du Kyrgyzstan (2005) Mandats 43e président du Conseil italien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferruccio Parri — (* 19. Januar 1890 in Pinerolo; † 8. Dezember 1981 in Rom) war ein italienischer Politiker und, mit dem Spitznamen Maurizio, ein Partisanenchef während des Befreiungskrieges vom faschistischen Regime in Italien. Grabstätte Parris in Genua …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferruccio — is an Italian given name derived from the Latin Ferrutio (the name of a 3rd century Christian saint), and may refer to:* Ferruccio Busoni (1866–1924), Italian composer, pianist, music teacher and conductor * Ferruccio Furlanetto (born 1949),… …   Wikipedia

  • Ferruccio Parri — Infobox Prime Minister name = Ferruccio Parri order = 43rd President of the Council of Ministers of Italy monarch = Victor Emmanuel III term start = June 21, 1945 term end = December 8, 1945 predecessor = Ivanoe Bonomi successor = Alcide De… …   Wikipedia

  • Partito d'Azione — Die Aktionspartei (Partito d Azione, Pd A) war zwischen Juli 1942 und 1946 eine italienische Partei. Geschichte Die Pd´A war eine Partei in der Tradition Giuseppe Mazzinis und des Risorgimento. Gegründet wurde sie im Juli 1942 von ehemaligen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alcide Degasperi — Alcide De Gasperi oder eigentlich Degasperi (* 3. April 1881 in Pieve Tesino bei Trient, damals Österreich Ungarn; † 19. August 1954 in Sella di Valsugana, Italien) war ein italienischer Staatsmann und Politiker. Er gilt als einer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alcide de Gasperi — oder eigentlich Degasperi (* 3. April 1881 in Pieve Tesino bei Trient, damals Österreich Ungarn; † 19. August 1954 in Sella di Valsugana, Italien) war ein italienischer Staatsmann und Politiker. Er gilt als einer der Gründerväter der Europäischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 19. Jänner — Der 19. Januar (in Österreich und Südtirol: 19. Jänner) ist der 19. Tag des Gregorianischen Kalenders, somit bleiben 346 Tage (in Schaltjahren 347 Tage) bis zum Jahresende. Historische Jahrestage Dezember · Januar · Februar 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Pan–Par — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.